Tolkien and His Friends

By Martina Juričková Word Count: 1394 Rating: G Summary: An essay about Professor Tolkien and his friendships. Even though Tolkien disliked a literary work being analyzed in reference to its author’s life, he admitted that “[a]n author cannot…remain wholly unaffected by his experience” (Tolkien, 2011, p. xxii). And since in his life he was known for... Continue Reading →


I&F Winter & Christmas 2017

Our 2017 Winter Themed Issue is here! Yes, the theme of the issue is Winter and Christmas. Fanfiction, original fiction, poetry, articles on many different aspects of the season & more - it's all here!

Different Kinds of Friendship in Middle-Earth

Interracial friendships are those which are established between members of different races. While intra-racial friendships are common in Tolkien’s world, his stories more frequently feature interracial ones because the history-making events described in them usually require a clash and cooperation between different cultures, and such out-of-necessity relationships can often result in genuine friendships. From the writer’s point of view, these relationships provide a great opportunity for combating prejudice and exercising virtues. Nonetheless, the quality of friendship depends on the characters’ personality rather than racial typicalities.

Frodo and Sam’s Relationship in the Light of Aristotle’s Philia

I will concentrate on the relationship of Frodo and Sam, which is the most central to the whole story, since Frodo is the Ring-bearer. I will examine its development and the nature of their friendship, in an attempt to find out whether it can be regarded as friendship according to Aristotle’s philosophical account, and if yes, what kind of friendship it is. Is it an example of an ideal one and can it function as a role-model of friendship?

Tolkien and the Myth of Creation

The books of the British writer John Ronald Reuel Tolkien are very popular, irrespective of age, gender, race, and religion. Most readers enjoy his books because of the heroic events which bring them to an early Middle-Ages-like era, wonderful landscapes which no one has ever seen, and fantastic creatures beyond the imagination of most ordinary people.

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